China Professional Fast Motor Bearing Deep Groove Ball Bearing with Reliable Quality with high quality

Product Description

Product Description

 

Structure and Parts of Bearings
Cage
In daily operations, cage will be subjected not only to mechanical action from friction, tension and inertial force, but to chemical reaction from lubricants, additives, solvents or coolants. Therefore, design and materials of cage are very inportant for its performance and the reliability of bearing in usage.
Flate/FUDA offers the following kinds of cage for deep groove ball bearings:
Materials of Bearings
Materials for bearing rings and parts largely determine the bearing’s performance and life. FLATE/FUDA puts more efforts to select materials for bearing rings and part suppliers in a rigorous manner.
Materials and components of bearing rings for FLATE/FUDA bearings are provided by the world’s top suppliers special for serving bearign manufacturers, fundamentally solvign the issue that our bearings lag behind imported bearings in terms of materialsfor a long time.
FLATE boasts a set of strict and polished incoming goods inspection system. Before being put into storage, every batch of steels and parts is under systemic inspection, including analysis of material composition, metallographice analysis, accuracy check, assembly test, etc.
Materials for Bearing Ring and Roller Body
Bearing ring and roller body are mainly made of high C-Cr bearing steel. Listed below are compositions of material for bearing ring and roller body.

Steel Code Chemical composition%
Gcr15
SAE52100
DIN 100 Cr6
JIS SUJ2
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Cu Ni
0.95-1.05 0.15-0.35 0.25-0.45 <0.571 <0.571 1.40-1.65 <0.25 <0.30

Material for bearing ring and roller body mainly consists of high C-Cr bearing steel.
Material of cages
Material of cages need good wear resistance, stable size and metal strength. Therefore, operation environment should be mainly considered in selection of material of cages.
Drawing steel sheet cage
These light cages hold a high strength with reduced friction and wear in an effective way after surface treatment. The following table covers compositions of material for cold-rolled steel sheet.

Steel code Chemical Composition%
JISG 3141
SPCC
C Si Mn P S Ni Cr
<0.12 <0.5 <0.04 <0.045

Brass cage
Cut brass cage is adopted in small and medium bearings. However, brass cage is not suitable for compressors with ammonia cooling due to potential seasonal cracking of brass. It is recommended to replace it with iron cage.
Nylon cage
According to the type and usage of bearings, nylon cages are widely adopted, but they are inappropriate for environments where the temperature is above 120ºC or below 40 ºC. Most of cast molding cages adopt nylon PA66 material, with or without glass fiber reinforcement whose advantage is a good combination of strength and elasticity.
Materials for dust shield and seal ring
Material for dust shield
FLATE/FUDA bearings use cold-rolled tin plate as the standard mateiral for dust shields, but also use stainless steel of AISI-300 specification at times.
Material for seal ring
Seal rings are mainly made of NBR. For high temperature, fluororubbers and silicon rubbers are widely used as well.

Type ASTM D1418 Name Temperature Range Hardness
(Shore A)
Features Restriction
Nitrile butaduene rubber NBR -40ºC~120ºC 40-90 Low compression
High ductility
High corrosion resistance
superior oil resistance
Unsuitable for high temperature conditions;
No exposure to the sun and corrosion of chemicals
Silicon rubber MQ/PMQ
VMQ/PVMP
-70ºC~200ºC 25-80 High temperature resistance
Desiccation resistance
Sunshine resistance
aging resistance to ozone
Poor surface abrasion performance and crack resistance, higher wear resistance
Hydrogenated
(nitrile-butadiene rubber)
HNBR/NEM -35ºC~65ºC 50-90 Heat resistance
High ductility
Chemical resistance
Unsuitable for high temperature conditions and shall avoid exposure to the sun and corrosion of chemicals
Fluororubber FKM/FPM -28ºC~200ºC 50-95 High temperature resistance
Significant chemical resistance
corrosion resistance to petroleum products
It is not suitable for working conditions of low temperature.
ACM rubber ACM Rubber -18ºC~175ºC 40-90 Stronger resistance to hot oil
Sunlight and ozone
Higher crack resistance
poor waterproof performance;
unsuitable for working condition of ultra-low temperature
Warning:flurorubber is safe and harmless under normal working condition of below 200ºC, but it will give off smoke if the temperature exceeds the ultimate temperature of 300ºC that is equivalent to flame for cutting steel tubes. Inhalation of the smoke is harmful to human bodies including eyes. In addition, the smoke should be avoided to contact skin.

Lubrication of Bearings

Grease lubrication Lipid lubricants are much easier to use than oil lubricants. Due to its ciscosity,grease is more durable and only needs simple sealing equipment to contain. Grease is hard to be changed, beacause the usual approach of it is to press grease into device to make fresh grease squeeze used grease out. General speaking, grease with low viscosity primary oil is more suitable for high speed operations at low temperature, while grease with high viscosity primary oil is suitable for heavy load.
Oil lubrication Oil lubrication is more suitbale for applications under conditions of high speed and high temperature, effectively taking the heat generated in operation of bearings away. Viscosity of oil determines the effects of oil lubrication. Low viscosity will lead to inadequate formation of oil film, while high viscosity will increase viscous drag and temperature. In general, the higher rotational speed is the lower viscosity of lubricant oil will be; the larger load is, the higher viscosity of lubricant oil will be.
Primary oil In grease, primary oil accounts for 75-96%. In mass fraction, the performance of grease mainly relies on the nature of primary oil. Particularly when it is with cold flow property and at high temperature, its service life is bound up with primary oil. Grease with low viscosity primary oil is usually applicable to low temperature and low load, while lubrication grease with high viscosity primary oil is applied to high temperature and high load. Primary oil used in grease includes mineral oil and synthetic oil. The commonly used synthetic primary oils contain lipid oil, sythetic hydrocarbon oil, perfluoropolyether, silicon oil and PPO, etc.
Thickener Thickener generally accounts for 4~20% in mass fraction. Its functions are to suspend primaty oil, reduce the flow of primaty oil, and increase adhesion of oil to friction surface. Thickener has 2 categories: metallic soap base and non-metallic soap base. Critical operating temperature, mechanical stability, water resistance and other properties of grease are determined by thickener, for example, sodium soap base can react with water to form a kind of latex, which can not be applied to running bearing in the atomsphere of high temperature.
Additive In grease, primary oil accounts for 0.5~10%. In mass fraction, which is used for the improvement of operating performance and life of grease. Accordign to the classification by function, it can be divided into thickener(strong adhesion), antioxidant, extreme-pressure additive, corrosion inhibitor,etc.

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Contact Angle: 45°
Aligning: Aligning Bearing
Separated: Separated
Rows Number: Double
Load Direction: Radial Bearing
Material: Bearing Steel
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

ball bearing

Can you Provide Examples of Industries where Ball Bearings are Crucial Components?

Ball bearings are essential components in a wide range of industries where smooth motion, load support, and precision are vital. Here are some examples of industries where ball bearings play a crucial role:

  • Automotive Industry:

Ball bearings are used in various automotive applications, including wheel hubs, transmissions, engines, steering systems, and suspension components. They provide reliable rotation and support in both passenger vehicles and commercial vehicles.

  • Aerospace Industry:

In the aerospace sector, ball bearings are found in aircraft engines, landing gear systems, control surfaces, and avionics equipment. Their ability to handle high speeds and precision is vital for aviation safety.

  • Industrial Machinery:

Ball bearings are integral to a wide range of industrial machinery, including pumps, compressors, conveyors, machine tools, printing presses, and textile machinery. They facilitate smooth operation and load distribution in these diverse applications.

  • Medical Equipment:

In medical devices and equipment, ball bearings are used in surgical instruments, imaging equipment, dental tools, and laboratory machinery. Their precision and smooth movement are crucial for accurate diagnostics and treatments.

  • Robotics and Automation:

Ball bearings are key components in robotic arms, automation systems, and manufacturing machinery. They enable precise movement, high-speed operation, and reliable performance in automated processes.

  • Renewable Energy:

Wind turbines and solar tracking systems utilize ball bearings to enable efficient rotation and tracking of the wind blades and solar panels. Ball bearings withstand the dynamic loads and environmental conditions in renewable energy applications.

  • Marine and Shipbuilding:

Ball bearings are used in marine applications such as ship propulsion systems, steering mechanisms, and marine pumps. They withstand the corrosive environment and provide reliable performance in maritime operations.

  • Heavy Equipment and Construction:

In construction machinery like excavators, bulldozers, and cranes, ball bearings support the movement of heavy loads and enable efficient operation in demanding environments.

  • Electronics and Consumer Appliances:

Consumer electronics like electric motors, computer hard drives, and household appliances rely on ball bearings for smooth motion and reliable operation.

  • Oil and Gas Industry:

In oil and gas exploration and extraction equipment, ball bearings are used in drilling rigs, pumps, and processing machinery. They handle the high loads and harsh conditions of this industry.

These examples demonstrate how ball bearings are indispensable components in various industries, contributing to the efficiency, reliability, and functionality of diverse mechanical systems and equipment.

ball bearing

How do Temperature and Environmental Conditions Affect the Performance of Ball Bearings?

Temperature and environmental conditions have a significant impact on the performance and longevity of ball bearings. The operating environment can influence factors such as lubrication effectiveness, material properties, and overall bearing behavior. Here’s how temperature and environmental conditions affect ball bearing performance:

  • Lubrication:

Temperature variations can affect the viscosity and flow characteristics of lubricants. Extreme temperatures can cause lubricants to become too thin or too thick, leading to inadequate lubrication and increased friction. In high-temperature environments, lubricants can degrade, reducing their effectiveness.

  • Material Properties:

Temperature changes can alter the material properties of the bearing components. High temperatures can lead to thermal expansion, affecting bearing clearances and potentially causing interference between components. Extreme cold temperatures can make materials more brittle and prone to fracture.

  • Clearance Changes:

Temperature fluctuations can cause changes in the internal clearance of ball bearings. For instance, at high temperatures, materials expand, leading to increased clearance. This can affect bearing performance, load distribution, and overall stability.

  • Corrosion and Contamination:

Harsh environmental conditions, such as exposure to moisture, chemicals, or abrasive particles, can lead to corrosion and contamination of bearing components. Corrosion weakens the material, while contamination accelerates wear and reduces bearing life.

  • Thermal Stress:

Rapid temperature changes can result in thermal stress within the bearing components. Differential expansion and contraction between the inner and outer rings can lead to stress and distortion, affecting precision and bearing integrity.

  • Noise and Vibration:

Temperature-related changes in material properties and internal clearances can influence noise and vibration levels. Extreme temperatures can lead to increased noise generation and vibration, affecting the overall operation of machinery.

  • Lubricant Degradation:

Environmental factors like humidity, dust, and contaminants can lead to premature lubricant degradation. Oxidation, moisture absorption, and the presence of foreign particles can compromise the lubricant’s performance and contribute to increased friction and wear.

  • Seal Effectiveness:

Seals and shields that protect bearings from contaminants can be affected by temperature fluctuations. Extreme temperatures can lead to seal hardening, cracking, or deformation, compromising their effectiveness in preventing contamination.

  • Choosing Appropriate Bearings:

When selecting ball bearings for specific applications, engineers must consider the expected temperature and environmental conditions. High-temperature bearings, bearings with specialized coatings, and those with enhanced sealing mechanisms may be necessary to ensure reliable performance.

Overall, understanding the impact of temperature and environmental conditions on ball bearing performance is crucial for proper bearing selection, maintenance, and ensuring optimal operation in diverse industries and applications.

ball bearing

How does Lubrication Impact the Performance and Lifespan of Ball Bearings?

Lubrication plays a critical role in the performance and lifespan of ball bearings. Proper lubrication ensures smooth operation, reduces friction, minimizes wear, and prevents premature failure. Here’s how lubrication impacts ball bearings:

  • Friction Reduction:

Lubrication creates a thin film between the rolling elements (balls) and the raceways of the bearing. This film reduces friction by separating the surfaces and preventing direct metal-to-metal contact. Reduced friction results in lower energy consumption, heat generation, and wear.

  • Wear Prevention:

Lubricants create a protective barrier that prevents wear and damage to the bearing’s components. Without proper lubrication, the repeated rolling and sliding of the balls against the raceways would lead to accelerated wear, surface pitting, and eventual failure.

  • Heat Dissipation:

Lubricants help dissipate heat generated during operation. The rolling elements and raceways can generate heat due to friction. Adequate lubrication carries away this heat, preventing overheating and maintaining stable operating temperatures.

  • Corrosion Resistance:

Lubrication prevents moisture and contaminants from coming into direct contact with the bearing’s surfaces. This helps protect the bearing against corrosion, rust, and the formation of debris that can compromise its performance and longevity.

  • Noise Reduction:

Lubricated ball bearings operate quietly because the lubricant cushions and dampens vibrations caused by the rolling motion. This noise reduction is crucial in applications where noise levels need to be minimized.

  • Seal Protection:

Lubricants help maintain the effectiveness of seals or shields that protect the bearing from contaminants. They create a barrier that prevents particles from entering the bearing and causing damage.

  • Improved Efficiency:

Properly lubricated ball bearings operate with reduced friction, leading to improved overall efficiency. This is especially important in applications where energy efficiency is a priority.

  • Lifespan Extension:

Effective lubrication significantly extends the lifespan of ball bearings. Bearings that are properly lubricated experience less wear, reduced fatigue, and a lower likelihood of premature failure.

  • Selection of Lubricant:

Choosing the right lubricant is essential. Factors such as speed, temperature, load, and environmental conditions influence the choice of lubricant type and viscosity. Some common lubricant options include grease and oil-based lubricants.

  • Regular Maintenance:

Regular lubrication maintenance is crucial to ensure optimal bearing performance. Bearings should be inspected and relubricated according to manufacturer recommendations and based on the application’s operating conditions.

In summary, proper lubrication is essential for the optimal performance, longevity, and reliability of ball bearings. It reduces friction, prevents wear, dissipates heat, protects against corrosion, and contributes to smooth and efficient operation in various industrial and mechanical applications.

China Professional Fast Motor Bearing Deep Groove Ball Bearing with Reliable Quality   with high qualityChina Professional Fast Motor Bearing Deep Groove Ball Bearing with Reliable Quality   with high quality
editor by CX 2024-04-16